The foundations of the greater Near East were laid in the Quincey Pact (1945) following the doctrine of the 1916 Sykes-Picot Franco-British Accords that favoured the regional division of power into zones of influence and supported by the US-Egypt-Saudi tripod. This doctrine consisted in the endemic survival in Egypt of pro-Western autocratic military governments, which ensured the survival of the State of Israel (1948) and provided the US Navy with privileged access to the Suez Canal, crucial shortcut for direct access to the Arab Emirates, Iraq and Afghanistan, remaining a firm bastion of US geopolitical interests. in the area, especially after the fall of the Shah of Persia in 1980.
The other pillar of the agreement was US privileged access of oil from Saudi Arabia in exchange for preserving its autocratic regime and promoting the spread of Wahhabism (doctrine founded by Mohamed Abdel Wahab in the mid-18th century with the aim of becoming an attractive vision of Islam and exportable to the rest of Arab countries), with which the Saudi theocracy became a regional power providing the US the key to energy control while serving as a retaining wall for socialist and pan-Arabist currents. Finally, after the Six Day War (1967), the geostrategic puzzle of the Middle East was completed with the establishment of autocratic and pro-Western regimes in the countries surrounding Israel (Libya, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran), with Palestinians confined to the ghettos of the West Bank and Gaza.
Netanyahu and the Greater Israel
Netanyahu reaffirmed “the right of the Jewish people to build in Jerusalem”, (which would be translated according to the television channel Arutz 2 in the construction of 1,400 new homes in Ramat Shlomo, Jewish quarter of East Jerusalem located beyond the so-called Green Line) even the Palestinians know that these places will be under Israeli sovereignty under any kind of arrangement.